When the publishing process (up to printing) is handled by an outside company, and then sold to a publishing company, this outside company is known as a book packager. Although publishers mostly contract directly with authors and use their own in-house staff to prepare books for publication, smaller publishers sometimes take on books prepared by a book packager. The packager's name may appear on the copyright page, but the publisher is always identified on the spine.
The Book Packager first buys the intellectual property rights and can then sell the book package to other publishers and gain an immediate return on capital invested, without risk of sales. The Book packager can also benefit from economies of scale and will often print copies at once for several publishers across territorial markets, and thereby get the maximum quantity efficiency on the print run for all.« Back